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Section 213 Reports
Tinian Landing Beaches, Ushi Point & North Fields, Tinian Island
The Tinian Landing Beaches, Ushi Point & North Fields, Tinian Island National Historic Landmark (collectively known as the Tinian NHL) are recognized for the role they played in World War II. The capture of Tinian, an island within the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), in the summer of 1944 from Japan by the United States (U.S.) Marines Corps provided American forces with an airstrip from which to support military campaigns in the Western Pacific and served as the base from which the atomic bomb attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki were staged. While there is no longer a permanent military installation, the Department of Defense continues to lease over 15,000 acres of land on the northern portion of the island from the CNMI government for military training which includes the 2,500 acre Tinian NHL. The Tinian NHL is the largest heritage tourism site on the island with thousands of tourists visiting each year.
The U.S. Pacific Command has a proposed action to establish a series of live-fire ranges, training courses, and maneuver areas within the CNMI military lease area to reduce joint training deficiencies for military services in the Western Pacific. The proposed action includes construction, range management, expanded training and operations (to include combined arms, livefire, and maneuver training at the unit and combined level), establishment of danger zones, designation of Special Use Airspace, and interest in land to support simultaneous and integrated training. This action is known as the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands Joint Military Training (CJMT).
In April 2013, the ACHP notified the United States Marine Corps Forces, Pacific (MARFORPAC) that it would participate in the Section 106 consultation, because of the potential for substantial effects and the procedural problems associated with the coordination of projects. To better assess the unresolved issues regarding the project's potential effects to the NHL, the ACHP requested the Secretary of the Interior's views under Section 213 of the National Historic Preservation Act, 54 U.S.C. § 304110, on the impact to the integrity of the Tinain NHL posed by the proposed volume, design, and location of new construction. We also asked for recommendations as to measures that could avoid, minimize, or mitigate adverse effects to the Tinian NHL should the CJMT go forward as currently proposed. At this time MARFORPAC is still identifying historic properties within the area of potential effects; this report will greatly assist the ACHP and all other parties to more comprehensively assess the effects to the significance and integrity of the historic properties, which is the next step in the Section 106 process.
The ACHP received the Section 213 Report on February 12, 2016.
Updated March 1, 2016